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e-Learning | No. 31

What are -ru verbs?
Ru-動詞とは?

 Ru-verb conjugation are summarized in the table.

Example :

taberu(eat)

たべる

neru(sleep)

ねる

okiru(get up)

おきる

miru(watch)

みる

-ru verbs are formed by adding – ru to the end.

In addition to that, as you can see from above examples, -ru verbs that end in “– iru” or “– eru“.

taberu = – eru  / okiru = – iru

KEY:

-iru, -eruで終わるものの多くは、Ru-verb(グループ2)の動詞です。
例:見る(miru)、着る(kiru)、起きる(okiru)、買える(kaeru)、増える(fueru)、
 
 
–aru, -uru, -oruで終わるものは、U-verb(グループ1)の動詞です。
 
例:
止まる(tomaru)
計る(hakaru)
取る(toru)
売る(uru)
降る(furu)
送る(okuru)
座る(swaru)
通る(tooru)
 
 
-iru, -eruで終わるものの中にもU-verb(グループ1)の動詞があります。
それらは覚えなければいけません。主に、以下の動詞があります。
 
 例:
切る(kiru)
走る(hashiru)
蹴る(keru)
知る(shiru)
帰る(kaeru)
入る(hariru)
減る(heru)
要る(iru)
帰る(kaeru)
滑る(suberu)
 

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