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Basic Japanese Grammar -基本的な日本語文法 –

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Japanese grammar is very simple and straightforward.

Japanese grammar is very simple and straightforward, but it is so different from English grammar that most English speakers are quite confused. For example, in Japanese the verb is always last. The best thing you can do when learning Japanese is to learn it from the bottom up, rather than comparing it to English grammar. 

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In Japanese, particles are used to mark different parts of a sentence. 

Particles “wa” (ha) and “ga” (ga): The particle “wa” indicates the topic of the sentence, and the particle “ga” indicates the subject of the sentence. In the example, “I know where you live” (I know where you live), “I” is the topic, and “you” is the subject. 

Not all Japanese sentences have both a topic and a subject, and topics are often implied in Japanese (for example, “I” (Watashi) is implied because I am speaking. Therefore it is excluded from this sentence I am someone who knows where you live). 

Particle “o” (o): The particle “o” (or “o”) indicates the direct object of a Japanese sentence. In the example, “I take her home” (I take her home) (I take her home), “she” is the direct object. 

Particle “ni”: The particle “ni” can be used to mark the direction, time, or indirect object of a Japanese sentence. 

An example of a directional marker can be found in the previous example “I take her home” (I take her home “(I take her home). In this case,” “ni” works like “to”-“I take her home”. The particle “e” can also be used this way, but usually not in a specific place. , Means a more general direction. 

The particle “ni” is also used to indicate the time of a Japanese sentence. For example, “I’m leaving at 3 o’clock” (I’m Hanarel to Sanji). 

The final use of the particle “ni” in Japanese grammar is an indirect object marker. In the example, “I was taken to him” (I made him, that is, Oklareta), “he” is an indirect object. 










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